Title: Masthead
File: Masthead_V5I1Download
Title: Translation and validation of a Chinese version of the Fear of Not Mattering Inventory and related instruments in the context of COVID-19
Volume: 5
Issue: 1
Abstract: Negative effects of the COVID-19 pandemic, stemming from isolation and loneliness, have resulted in a disproportionately negative impact on college and university students. The construct of mattering to others, and the fear of not mattering, has the potential to explain the effects of pandemic measures on psychological well-being and academic outcomes. As such, the present study conducted an initial translation and validation of Chinese versions of instruments for measuring fear of not mattering (FNM), experiences of feeling defeated and trapped during COVID-19 (Pandemic Experience Scale; PES), anxiety, burnout, and adaptability. Overall, appropriate reliability and validity for the Chinese versions of the instruments were demonstrated. In line with previous research, a positive association of FNM with anxiety and academic burnout and a negative association of FNM with adaptability were found. Uniquely, by evaluating students’ experiences during the pandemic (PES), we were able to identify an association between feelings of burnout and feeling defeated and trapped. Likewise, this paper is the first to report a significant correlation between students’ pandemic experiences (PES) and FNM, suggesting that individuals with greater fear of being defeated or trapped (two elements of involuntary subordination) are likely to be fearful of being or becoming insignificant.
Pages: 1-19
Keywords: Mattering, Fear of Not Mattering, COVID-19, Negative Experience, Anxiety, Academic Burnout, University and College Students, Validation Study
Authors: I-Hua Chen, Gordon L. Flett, & Jeffrey Hugh Gamble
File: Chen et al.
DOI: doi.org/10.54127/JATS9300
Title: Italian validation of the Instagram Addiction Scale and association with psychological distress, social media addiction, smartphone addiction, and internet use disorder
Volume: 5
Issue: 1
Abstract: The problematic use of Instagram in the form of addiction has gained increasing credibility and attention in recent years, leading to the development of several psychometric instruments to assess the behavior. One recently developed tool is the 15-item Instagram Addiction Scale (IAS-15). The IAS-15 comprises two subscales assessing social effect and compulsion. In the present study, the
IAS-15 was translated into Italian, and its reliability and validity were tested among 398 Italians (101 males, 297 females) aged 18 to 78 years (mean age M=37 years; SD=11). Confirmatory factor analysis supported the original two-factor solution. Furthermore, the scale showed good internal consistency. Additionally, Instagram addiction was positively associated with social phobia, depression, anxiety, stress, social media addiction, smartphone addiction, and internet use disorder while being negatively associated with age, perceived quality of life, and quality of sleep. Based on the findings, the IAS-15 is a valid and reliablepsychometric instrument to assess Instagram addiction among Italian adults.
Pages: 20-51
Keywords: Instagram Addiction; Instagram Addiction Scale; Italian Validation; Psychometrics; Problematic Social Media Use; Social Media Addiction
Authors: Paolo Soraci, Calogero Lo Destro, Renato Pisanti, Francesco M. Melchiori, Lara Scali, Ambra Ferrari, Roberta Cimaglia, Sabina Spagna, Eleonora Guaitoli, Carla Di Bernardo, Francesco Grieco, Alessandra D’Arcangelo, Laura Abbatuccolo, & Mark D. Griffiths
File: Soraci et al.
DOI:  doi.org/10.54127/WZVO6947
Title: Beyond Appropriate Norms: Cultural Safety with Indigenous People in Canadian Neuropsychology
Volume: 5
Issue: 1
Abstract: Cultural Safety; Neuropsychological Practice; Indigenous; Systemic Racism.
Pages: 52-79
Keywords: Cultural Safety; Neuropsychological Practice; Indigenous; Systemic Racism.
Authors: Reagan Gale, Karlee Fellner, Garrett Tomlinson & David Danto
File: Gale_Fellner_Tomlinson_Danto
DOI: doi.org/10.54127/WOUM1515
Title: An Investigation of Exercise Behaviour Patterns Amongst Varsity Athletes
Volume: 5
Issue: 1
Abstract: The purpose of the study was to examine the incidence of exercise dependence amongst varsity – level university athletes. Method: Physical activity behavior patterns were measured amongst 62 participants (31 male and 31 female) from a mid – size University in Canada for the purpose of identifying problematic exercise through a questionnaire – based survey utilizing the Exercise Addiction Inventory (EAI). Results: Total scores were tabulated to indicate the number of varsity athletes scoring either “at-risk”, “symptomatic” or “asymptomatic” of exercise addiction, and percentages were determined for each of the EAI categories. 72.5% scored “symptomatic” while 19.5% recorded “at – risk” and 8% attained an “asymptomatic” result on the questionnaire. Interestingly, females rated “at – risk” three times higher than males whereas “asymptomatic”
scores were four times greater amongst males on the EAI scale. Conclusion: While the EAI can identify individuals at risk from problematic exercise, a limitation is that high scores are not necessarily indicative of exercise addiction due to some people interpreting questions differently than they were intended. In addition, underlying causes such as anxiety, depression, difficulties with relationships or
coping with personal hardship can be at the root of exercise addiction. Notwithstanding, individuals who score in the “at – risk” category of the EAI might still best be advised to seek counselling as activity should be pursed so that it enhances one’s life through sustainable long – term physical, psychological and social health versus exercising for deriving a sense of physical and psychological
Pages: 80-91
Keywords: Exercise Addiction, Exercise Dependence, Compulsive Exercise, Problematic Exercise, Physical Activity, Behavior Patterns
Authors: Emilio Landolfi
File:  Landolfi
DOI: doi.org/10.54127/HHDT5954
Title:  A comparison of judgements of image-based and physical sexual abuse: A pilot study
Volume: 5
Issue: 1
Abstract: Despite emerging literature in the field of image-based sexual abuse (IBSA; e.g., so-called “revenge pornography”) indicating a high, international prevalence of perpetration as well as severe social-, professional-, and healthrelated impacts, it remains unclear how judgements of IBSA compare to cases of physical, sexual abuse (PSA; e.g., rape). Objectives. This study aimed to understand
whether judgements of offending behaviour differ between physical and imagebased sexual abuse types, and whether such differences were further impacted by the sex of the victim. Methods. This pilot study (n = 76, Mage = 29.75, SD = 10.48) compared judgement scores of vignettes that were differentiated by offence-type (IBSA vs. PSA) and victim sex (male vs. female), whilst controlling for beliefs about revenge pornography. Results. Data derived from a 2×2 ANCOVA indicated
that participants reported more lenient judgements of vignettes that depicted IBSA, relative to PSA, but no main effect of victim sex nor interaction thereof. Moreover, endorsement of beliefs about revenge pornography predicted more lenient judgements of IBSA, but not PSA. Conclusion and Implication. Despite the need for large-scale replications of this pilot study to fully model the reported effects in the context of further moderators and covariates, results indicate a need for
education as to the impacts of IBSA on an (inter)national scale.
Pages: 92-102
Keywords: Image-Based Sexual Abuse, Physical Sexual Abuse, Revenge Pornography
Authors: Georgina du Mello Gibbard & Dean Fido
File: Gibbard & Fido
DOI: doi.org/ 10.54127/UPKC8347
Title: Trait Perfectionism, Perfectionistic Automatic Thoughts, Perfectionistic Self-Presentation, and Self-Compassion Among Students and Mothers of Young Children
Volume: 5
Issue: 1
Abstract: Objectives: The current research investigated the associations between various measures of perfectionism and self-compassion according to the broad conceptualization of perfectionism outlined in the Comprehensive Model of Perfectionistic Behavior (CMPB). This work includes a unique focus on perfectionism and self-compassion in mothers. Methods: Perfectionism and selfcompassion were examined with a sample of 96 mothers of young children and a second sample of 144 university students. Participants completed the SelfCompassion Scale, the Multidimensional Perfectionism Scale, the Perfectionism Cognitions Inventory, and the Perfectionistic Self-Presentation Scale. Results:
Lower levels of self-compassion in both mothers and students were associated significantly with self-oriented and socially prescribed perfectionism, but also with perfectionistic automatic thoughts and perfectionistic self-presentation. Other oriented perfectionism in mothers was also associated with low self-compassion. Our results indicated that when it comes to links between perfectionism facets and low self-compassion, perfectionism among mothers, relative to students, accounted for considerably more variance in self-compassion (i.e., 42.7% versus 26.2% of the variance). Conclusion and Implications: This work illustrates the need to go beyond trait perfectionism and test the broader CMPB. Our discussion focuses on the pressure and evaluative standards facing mothers and how this is linked with deficits in self-compassion. An essential intervention goal for prevention and treatment is to limit negative forms of perfectionistic reactivity by promoting positive self-reflection and a heightened self-compassion among perfectionists vulnerable to psychological distress.
Pages: 103-124
Keywords: Perfectionism, self-compassion, mothers, students, perfectionistic self-presentation, automatic thoughts.
Authors: Gordon L. Flett, Taryn Nepon, Paul L. Hewitt, Kristina Swiderski, & Cassandra Hal
File: Flett et al.
DOI: doi.org/10.54127/DUCZ2557
Title: Internet gaming disorder, loneliness, and insomnia among Indians during the COVID-19 pandemic
Volume: 5
Issue: 1
Abstract: Introduction: The lockdown and stay at home orders implemented by the Indian government to inhibit the spread of COVID-19 disrupted the lifestyle of most individuals in the country. This appeared to result in behavioral changes such as increased internet usage, feelings of loneliness, and disturbance of sleeping patterns. Objectives: The objective of the present study was to examine IGD prevalence and its association with loneliness and insomnia among the Indian population during the COVID-19 pandemic. Based on the previous literature, it was hypothesized that IGD would be positively associated with both loneliness and severity of insomnia. Materials and Methods: Utilizing a cross-sectional design, a total of 372 participants (54% males, 42.4% females; 3.5% other; mean age 23.26 years [SD=9.07]) completed an anonymous self-report survey. The three key variables were assessed using the Internet Gaming Disorder Scale-Short Form (IGDS9-SF), the UCLA Loneliness Scale (Version 3), and the Insomnia Severity Index (ISI). Results: The prevalence of IGD among Indians during the COVID-19 pandemic was 0.8% in the total sample and 2.02% among gamers. Regression analysis indicated that IGD was associated with average hours spent online gaming per day (β=0.164; p=0.02), loneliness (β=0.177; p=0.01), and severity of insomnia (β=0.483; p<0.001). Conclusion: The study indicated average hours spent online gaming, loneliness, and severity of insomnia as predictors of IGD. Future research is required to develop a comprehensive understanding of internet gaming behaviors during unprecedented times such as COVID-19.
Pages: 125-140
Keywords: Internet Gaming Disorder, Loneliness, Insomnia, COVID-19, India
Authors: Shankey Verma, Aditi Mishra, Krishan Kumar Pandey, & Mark D. Griffiths
File: Verma et al.
DOI: doi.org/10.54127/QLYD7570
Title: Ending the Stigma of Male Domestic Violence Victims: Judgement Measures & Interviews.
Volume: 5
Issue: 1
Abstract: This protocol details a mixed methods approach to investigating public perceptions of male domestic violence and abuse (DVA) victims. Study one uses a quantitative methodology to investigate public perceptions of male, relative to female victims of DVA, with and without a ‘justification’ being present for the abuse. Study two presents a novel comparative thematic analysis to explore different perceptions of DVA victims between males who have and those who have not self-identified as
ever being in a DVA relationship.
Pages: 141-151
Keywords: Domestic Violence, Abuse, Perception, Protocol.
Authors: Paige Ambrozewicz, Courtney Hammond, & Dean Fido
File: Ambrozewicz et al.
DOI: doi.org/10.54127/NXHV8975