Title: Masthead
File: Masthead
Title: Special Issue of the Psychological Science and Well- being (PSWB) Conference 2022
Volume: 5
Issue: 1s
Abstract: N/A
Pages: 1-4
Keywords: Psychological, Well-being, Conference, Singapore
Authors: Chris Lo
File: Editorial
DOI: doi.org/10.54127/NBRF3282
Title: Unavoidable Stressful Client Situations: Sources of Social Support on Clinical Psychologists’ and Counsellors’ Psychological Well-Being
Volume: 5
Issue: 1s
Abstract: The increasing demand for mental health services in Singapore makes it important to understand how the stressful nature of clinical psychologists’ and counsellors’ professions affect their psychological well-being. The study explored how different sources of social support (clinical supervisor, coworker, nonprofessional) predict clinical psychologists’ and counsellors’ exhaustion,
stress, depression, and anxiety levels during stressful client sessions. Participants (78 trainee/professional clinical psychologists and counsellors; Mage = 39.73 years old, SD = 10.83) recalled a stressful client situation before completing online questionnaires. Results from stepwise multiple regression indicated that, partially aligned with the hypothesis, social support from coworker predicted lower exhaustion but not on other aspects of psychological well-being. Contrary to the
hypothesis, social support from clinical supervisor and nonprofessional did not predict psychological well-being. These findings suggest that organizations may support clinical psychologists and counsellors by enhancing the coworker social support system. Coworkers showing care and concern (i.e., social comfort) or giving assurance with regards to competencies and abilities (i.e., social
encouragement) to clinical psychologists and counsellors in Singapore might be
helpful for their psychological well-being
Pages: 5-26
Keywords: Social Support, Exhaustion, Clinical Psychologists, Counsellors.
Authors: Yun Ting Yip, Ai Ni Teoh, & Poi Kee Low
File: Yip et al.
DOI: doi.org/10.54127/HBSF9201
Title: Attitude towards pets and depression among residents in Klang Valley, Malaysia: Moderating effect of pet ownership
Volume: 5
Issue: 1s
Abstract: Objective: The objective of the study was to investigate the moderating effect of pet ownership in the relationship between attitude toward pets and depression among residents in Klang Valley. Methods: A sample of 238 participants were recruited using stratified random sampling method. The instruments used were the Pet Attitude Scale-Modified (PAS-M) and Patient Health Questionnaire-9 (PHQ-9). Moderation analyses was conducted using SPSS and PROCESS. Results: There was a moderating effect of pet ownership in the relationship between attitude toward pets and depression (b = -.093, p = .049). However, the conditional effects of both conditions (i.e., owns a pet, does not own a pet) yielded non-significant relationships respectively. Further, non- significant relationship was reported between attitude toward pets and depression level, regardless of pet ownership. Conclusion: Pet ownership may play a role in facilitating mental health (e.g., alleviating depression) when coupled with a positive attitude toward pets. Future studies should consider exploring this area further for the benefit of improving mental health issues (e.g., depression) in Malaysia. Implication: The present study has explored further into the field of psychological research on Human Animal Interactions and suggests that more work is needed to understand the relationships between attitude toward pets, pet ownership, and depression among residents in Klang Valley.
Pages: 27-46
Keywords: Attitude, Pet Ownership, Depression, Malaysia.
Authors: Kelly Phang, Abdoul Aziz Fall, & Zubaidah Jamil
File: Phang et al
DOI: doi.org/10.54127/SQJX8459
Title: ELSI workshop methods for developing needs-based implementation options for mental health apps with AI features
Volume: 5
Issue: 1s
Abstract: Objectives: Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a common psychological burden for (adolescent) refugees. Therefore, low-threshold and target group-oriented support services are needed. Methods: an artificial- intelligence-based PTSD self-screening tool was developed and integrated into a support app, which was also developed within the project itself. To make the app attractive, a target group analysis was implemented with adolescent refugees in Germany (N = 53; age 20.2 years, SD = 3.2; average length of stay in Germany 4.6 years, SD = 1.4) regarding desired psychoeducational offers and content. Results: The adolescents showed a strong interest in visually presented information, self-directed posting, and peer chat. Responses were discussed in an interdisciplinary workshop for the ethical legal and social impact (ELSI- workshop) (N = 12) to generate implementation options as follows. To enable self- determined posting and protect privacy, it was agreed to allow anonymous user uploads after an administrator check to ensure quality and maintain anonymity. For the peer chat, an implementation with trained young adults (age 18 – 25), with migration experience but without traumatization, was considered suitable, if they are integrated into support and supervision structures. Furthermore, it was decided to prepare existing information materials (e. g., about traumatization and different forms of therapy) as video and infographics. Conclusion and Implications: This article shows how the development of technology for vulnerable target groups can be implemented in a user-oriented manner while taking ELSI aspects into account.
Pages: 47-67
Keywords: Minor Refugees, App Development, Value Sensitive Design, ELSI
Authors: Annina Böhm-Fischer & Luzi M. Beyer
File:  Fischer & Beyer
DOI: doi.org/10.54127/XDSG8550
Title: Prevalence of Depressive, Anxiety, and OCD Symptoms among University Students in Singapore During COVID- 19
Volume: 5
Issue: 1s
Abstract: Using self-report screening questionnaires, this study surveyed 1779 university students twice in 2021 to estimate the prevalence of depressive, anxiety, and OCD symptoms across a six-month period during the COVID-19 pandemic in Singapore. Across two waves of measurement, results showed that the prevalence of elevated depressive and anxiety symptoms were 29-34% and 25%, respectively. The prevalence of those who met the screening criteria of OCD was 5.7-7.1%. These estimates appeared to be consistent with other studies conducted overseas during the pandemic, suggesting an increase in mental health concerns. No significant differences were consistently found across gender, race/ethnicity, household income, and year of study for this sample. Relative to depressive and anxiety symptoms, OCD symptoms showed a higher degree of stability six months later. This study contributed to the understanding of the mental health needs of the young adult population in Singapore and underscored the importance of including a systematic focus on mental well-being in the public health response to the pandemic.
Pages: 68-82
Keywords: COVID-19, Depression, Anxiety, OCD, young adults, mental health, Singapore
Authors: Minglee Yong & and Carolyn Keh
File: Yong & Keh
DOI: doi.org/10.54127/RSTE4811
Title: Conference Proceedings
File: Conference Proceedings