Title: Youth Gambling: A Clinical and Research Perspective
Author: Jeffrey L. Derevensky & Rina Gupta
Abstract: This paper provides an overview of the current state of knowledge of youth gambling problems. The goals and contributions of the McGill University Youth Gambling Research & Treatment Clinic are highlighted. The authors integrate their clinical and research program findings within the context of the necessity of identifying risk factors associated with problem gambling amongst adolescents. Specific recommendations are made as well as a call for collaborative effort between the public, industry, legislators, clinicians and researchers to help resolve this growing problem.
Abstract: Many gamblers hold erroneous beliefs about the nature of random events, but is understanding randomness relevant to prevention? This paper examines the nature of randomness and the origins of misunderstandings about randomness. In addition, it examines the issue of whether or not knowledge of randomness is important in terms of the prevention of problem gambling. The goal is to provide readers with better tools to address these issues with clients or in preparing prevention materials.
Title: Problem Gambling and Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder
Authors: Nina Littman-Sharp & Umesh Jain
Abstract: There is evidence to suggest that a considerable subset of problem gamblers have attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), with characteristic features of impulsivity and difficulty sustaining attention. The two disorders, problem gambling and ADHD, interact on various levels; for instance, gambling impulses are poorly controlled and ADHD symptoms such as chronic boredom, depression and low self-esteem are relieved by the stimulus and reward of gambling. This article outlines some of the clinical issues encountered in this population and uses case studies to illustrate common ways in which these clients present. Suggestions are made with regard to identification and assessment and it touches on interventions, including medication, therapy and the use of strategies to improve functioning and reduce impulsivity.